What Is Classroom Management?
Classroom Management is the set of practices and principles teachers use to create a classroom environment in which students can thrive. It involves establishing a system of rules and consequences, ensuring that students understand expectations, and promoting the appropriate behaviors needed for learning to occur. Classroom management is a broad topic, and it is up to individual teachers to decide which specific practices and principles they will implement in their classrooms.
Developing a strong relationship with your students is one of the best ways to ensure good classroom management. When you get to know your students, their strengths and challenges, and their interests, they will be more likely to trust you and follow your lead. Additionally, your positive attitude towards them can help deter misbehavior and reinforce appropriate classroom behavior.
It is also important to develop a clear classroom management plan. This should include a list of all your expectations and the penalties for not adhering to them. Providing your students with this document will help them feel comfortable knowing what is expected of them, and it will also serve as a reference for parents should they ever need to discuss disciplinary issues with you.
While a classroom management plan should clearly outline rules and consequences, it can also include rewards for following them. This can be as simple as stickers or extra recess time at the end of the week. By rewarding students for following the guidelines of your classroom management plan, you can promote the desired behavior and reduce negative behaviors in your classroom.
If you find that you are having trouble with an isolated student, try to address the issue as soon as it arises. Avoid punishing an entire class for the actions of a few, as this can damage your relationships with other students and jeopardize other classroom management efforts. Additionally, be sure to praise the good behavior of the majority of your students as often as possible. This will not only encourage their effort, but it will also entice other students to follow suit and earn more praise from you as well.
Another way to promote a positive atmosphere in your classroom is to incorporate a variety of learning activities. Instead of solely relying on lectures, allow students to complete hands-on projects, present their work, or participate in group discussions. This will allow students to engage in a variety of activities that will help them learn in their preferred style.
Finally, it is important to wrap up the class period on a strong note by addressing any future tests or assignments. This will prevent your students from running out the door in the final minute, which can be disruptive to their classmates. It is also helpful to have a plan for how you will transfer student jobs, such as erasing the chalkboard or cleaning books, so that everyone has an opportunity to contribute during this time. It is also a good idea to practice emergency procedures with your students, such as how they should act during fire drills.